Nanostructured optical microchips for cancer biomarker detection

Publication

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biosensors & Bioelectronics, Volume 38, Issue 1 (2012)

Other Number:

PMID: 22770904

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566312003880

Keywords:

Cancer biomarker detection; Arrayed nanostructured optical microdevices; Micromachined Fabry–Perot interferometer; Immunoassay

Abstract:

Herein we report the label-free detection of a cancer biomarker using newly developed arrayed nanostructured Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) microchips. Specifically, the prostate cancer biomarker free prostate-specific antigen (f-PSA) has been detected with a mouse anti-human PSA monoclonal antibody (mAb) as the receptor. Experiments found that the limit-of-detection of current nanostructured FPI microchip for f-PSA is about 10 pg/mL and the upper detection range for f-PSA can be dynamically changed by varying the amount of the PSA mAb immobilized on the sensing surface. The control experiments have also demonstrated that the immunoassay protocol used in the experiments shows excellent specificity and selectivity, suggesting the great potential to detect the cancer biomarkers at trace levels in complex biofluids. In addition, given its nature of low cost, simple-to-operation and batch fabrication capability, the arrayed nanostructured FPI microchip-based platform could provide an ideal technical tool for point-of-care diagnostics application and anticancer drug screen and discovery.